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Domestic Violence and Abuse

FERAL SWINE: Manage The Damage

Hello I’m Greg Ibach part of my role is
to oversee the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service or APHIS’s
Wildlife Services is spearheading the National Feral Swine Damage Management
Program. Over 6 million feral swine can now be found in 32 States and the annual
damage caused by feral swine in the United States is estimated at over 1.5
billion dollars so what are we doing about it?
We’re working closely with our partners at the state and local levels to address
the impacts of expanding feral swine populations and increasing outreach to
educate the public about the part you can play and that’s where this video
fits in. Please take a few moments to watch and learn about this important
effort and for helping USDA APHIS as we work to tackle the problems caused by
feral swine. I think that that’s why you’ve seen a lot of attention to feral
swine lately is because they can damage everything and they have the potential
to really do epic harm. We haven’t seen an invasive species like this. This will
be the one that creates the most damage that we’ll see. Starting this spring we
have just been inundated with the hog problem. I thought I could handle
this problem myself. I thought I could get these feral hogs under control but
over the last year or so it became obvious that was just not possible I needed help. And the problem is of course they produce some of them two to three
litters per year and if you have a survival rate it’s hard to keep up.Feral
hogs are the most important significant resource concern that we have in
Missouri. Across America we value our majestic
lands, natural resources and abundant wildlife and our agricultural way of
life. A surprising invasive species puts these values at a costly risk. It is
invasive feral swine. This invasive species costs the United States over 1.5
billion dollars each year in damages and control costs. Feral swine cause major
damage to farmers and ranchers, property, crops and livestock, harming ecosystems
and native wildlife, damaging cultural and historic sites across the country. If feral swine populations continue to expand, these damages and costs and risks
to human health and safety will keep rising. That’s nothing compared to what
feral swine can do so my aha moment was really oh my god they can damage
everything and and we’re just at the tip of the iceberg here so that really
blew me away from an economists standpoint. These numbers are going to be
big and we’re gonna, I’m gonna spend my career getting them so. We had
approximately 70 acres to replant and I came in and replanted that and come back
two days later and approximately 20 acres of the 70, the feral hogs had
moved in and literally ate all the seed out of the ground. We will have a solid
set of numbers on what the monetary damage is. I am guessing to someplace in
the neighborhood of 20 to 30 thousand dollars. Feral swine damaged crops and
destroy land with their natural feeding habits, rooting and wallowing behaviors.
Sometimes there are hundreds of them here. We’ve always had routing take
place and I think the amount of moisture in the soil has something to do with how
deep they go. The dryer it is the deeper they need to go. I can actually take you
out in the field and show you 16 to 18 inch deep holes. They can spread diseases to
livestock, degrade pasture grasses, eat and contaminate livestock feed. We’ve had
a few issues with the feral hog running
through some of our Cattle through fences. They’ll root up you know our crop ground and minimize
our in our grazing acres in the winter. It’s just it’s just competition and
we’re not making any money off the feral swine. They do a considerable amount of damage
to farm property, costing farmers and ranchers millions of dollars a year. Feral swine damage ecosystems and water quality, harming our native plants,
competing with our native wildlife, and destroying the nests of ground nesting
birds like quail. We did a lot of habitat improvement around here to bring back
quail and I had the quail coming back everything was looking good and the pigs
came in and now the quail are extinct again. They are even hurting our valued
threatened and endangered species such as the dunes sagebrush lizard. The dune
sagebrush lizard has been petitioned for listing again. You know they
hibernate in the sand for the winter months, so those pigs could have been
rooting them out. So It could have been a big impact to them if the feral swine
would have gotten established out here. The lesser prairie chickens a ground nesting
birds so those eggs are on the ground. A lot of work has gone on for these two
species, so to have something like feral pig come in here and damage them would
be a bad deal so we really appreciate Wildlife Services and getting on it
quick and and they did an outstanding job out here. These feral hogs destroy landscaping,
damage fences and other structures, and otherwise reduce the aesthetic value of
private properties, public parks, and the recreational areas that mean so much to
our communities. Feral swine have even caused damage to irreplaceable
historical resources and cemeteries. Feral swine can carry at least 30
diseases and nearly 40 types of parasites. They can also transmit
food borne illnesses such as Ecoli and trichinosis. Feral swine have been
aggressive in encounters with people and have threatened household pets. When in
roadways or at airports feral swine can cause collisions posing direct risks to
your family and their safety. Wildlife Service’s, part of the US Department of
Agriculture’s Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, is on the front lines
to manage this invasive animal. Through a coordinated national effort we are
working closely with partners at the state and local levels to address the
extensive damage caused by feral swine. Folks are now seeing firsthand the
devastation that feral hogs can cause. They’re also seeing the very positive
impact that when agencies and partners come together we really can make a
difference. I think when state and federal agencies really began to have the
conversation of that we’re seeing increased numbers of feral hogs. We’re hearing
increased complaints from private landowners. When we began to see damage
on our own public lands that we have responsibility to manage, agencies got
together and Wildlife Service’s has been a partner in that since from the very
beginning. You really are standing shoulder to shoulder on this effort to
eradicate feral hogs. Cooperation has been great for this program with all of
these county, state, and federal agencies and having close contacts with them on a
daily basis if not weekly. So we’ve got very strong support from the agencies as
well as the co-operators and the public individuals as well. Wildlife Services
recognizes that every region faces different challenges when managing feral
swine and uses every tool available to take a localized approach to management. Wildlife Services and its partners take a science-based approach to management.
The national program is continually researching new tools for feral swine
management, utilizing the latest technology. The research is based out of the National Wildlife Research Center in
Colorado. I really do like having the ability to go out when somebody has a
problem or has a need and I have the ability to help them answer that problem.
It’s it’s just the greatest feeling in the world to know that you contributed
to a very successful mission or to somebody being relieved of a problem
that was existing because of feral swine. Current research includes feral swine
genetic archive. Here at NWRC see we’ve pulled together various expertise from
modeling to economics to genetics basically use the best science that we
could assemble to inform management strategies as they take this ambitious
initiative to remove pigs. Environmental DNA. We’ve been working with wildlife
service’s Wildlife Service’s knows that there’s feral swine within this area and
so we’ve been assisting them with E-DNA sampling So we collect water samples
from streams such as this one. They have an address they give us and we send them
in and based on that they can tell if a feral swine have been present in the
area. So E-DNA is environmental DNA so we’re literally working with water
samples that are coming in from the field. It’s kind of a fun process
because we basically get to take something that everyone is familiar with
a nice murky bottle of water and turn it into an extracted piece of DNA that we
then look for feral swine in our case DNA in there. And the development of a
feral swine toxicant. The toxicant that that Wildlife Services is putting a lot
of research into right now is sodium nitrite It’s very comparable to carbon
monoxide poisoning. The pigs will ingest a toxic dose. they start to feel faint
they’ll go lay down they’ll be rendered unconscious and they
just kind of fuzz off and by two and a half three hours they
pass away. So that’s a reason that we like the potential for this active
ingredient is because it’s a humane death. Wherever feral swine are, they become a
problem, threatening livestock, agriculture,
property, forests, and other natural areas native wildlife, and public health and
safety. There are a number of steps you can take to help mitigate the feral
swine problem in your area. Don’t relocate feral swine to new areas
or transport them to other states. This introduces the problem to new areas. Spread the word to your neighbors about the damage feral swine can cause. Discourage others from transporting and introducing feral swine to new areas. We
are all in this together. Report feral swine damage. Help wildlife
managers address feral swine damage by reporting sightings, signs, or damage in
your area. Your state Wildlife Services’s program and its partners are happy to
help with your feral swine problem. Don’t hesitate to call. Call Wildlife Services at 1-866-4USDA WS. or go to WWW. APHIS.USDA dot-gov slash
Wildlife dash Damage slash stop feral swine. Music

Cesar Sullivan

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