Solingen 93

Domestic Violence and Abuse

What Is Dyslexia? | Dyslexia Explained


We’ve learned so much about what dyslexia is and isn’t. We know it’s a brain-based condition that
impacts reading, spelling and writing. But it’s not a problem with vision. Dyslexia is a problem with understanding and
working with language. Dyslexia is a lifelong issue that tends to
run in families, so there’s often a parent or a sibling who also has it. And brain-imaging studies have shown us that
there are differences in how the brain is structured and how it functions in people
who have dyslexia. But it’s important to know that dyslexia
has nothing to do with intelligence. Children with dyslexia are just as smart as
other children. We can see signs of dyslexia even before children learn to read. Reading is a complicated process that starts
with being able to recognize individual sounds in words. Take the word elephant. Most children, at a young age, can recognize
three parts in that word: El-e-fant. [Clapping out the sounds] But the child with dyslexia might not hear
that “fant” is actually made up of four different sounds: “f” – “a” – “n” – “t” They may only hear one or two. Reading and spelling are hard for kids with
dyslexia because first they have to hear those individual sounds, and then they have to understand
that each of those sounds is represented by one or more letters. Children with dyslexia usually have difficulty
with this basic language skill, which is called phonemic awareness. So you might see your child having trouble
with rhyming, or isolating the sounds in words. That makes it difficult for your child to
match letters to their sounds, like knowing that “s” sounds like “sss.” Or that “s-h” sounds like “sh.” This skill is called decoding, and children
use it to sound out words. We know a lot about what can help children
with these skills. The most important thing is specialized reading instruction. A well-known approach is called Orton-Gillingham. It helps children to learn to break words down
into their component sounds, match the sounds to letters, and then blend those sounds together. Reading programs based on Orton-Gillingham
use multisensory techniques. So children might trace letters in sand while
saying that letter and its sound, or clap out syllables in words. These methods are proven to be effective. There are also tools like audiobooks, text-to-speech software and reading apps that can help children with dyslexia. You can help your child at home by reading aloud together every day. Choosing books that tap into your child’s
passions can help develop an interest in reading. Playing rhyming games, reading nursery rhymes
and singing songs can also be a fun way to help younger children build early reading
skills. It’s important to know that even though
children don’t outgrow dyslexia, they can become skilled readers and strong learners. With the right support, they can succeed in
school and in life.

Cesar Sullivan

9 thoughts on “What Is Dyslexia? | Dyslexia Explained

  1. Thank you so much. I suspect that my son has dyslexia because he struggles with rhyming, blending and various other language strategies. Although he started at D level at the beginning of 1st grade, he has not progressed. I have a meeting with his teacher and reading instructor and hopefully, we can see what the casual is.

  2. BRAVO! This is a spectacular little video with a clear, concise, and engaging explanation of dyslexia. (And that ain't easy!) I recommend this as a starting point for parents, educators, and policymakers. Excellent work, Margie and Understood!

  3. Neuroscientists at Cambridge University in England say that "interventions based on rhythm and even music may be beneficial, at much earlier ages. Rhythm is more overt in music than in language, and other projects at the Centre have shown that being able to sing in time with music is predictive of syllable and rhyming skills, and that training in rhythm improves phonological awareness." http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/the-educational-neuroscience-of-dyslexia-and-dyscalculia
    One software intervention that holds promise is TUNEin to READING, www.tuneintoreading.com , that rewards singing accuracy while children re-read songs repetitively.

  4. You can also play iliteration games…let's think of words that start with the /sh/ sound. You can say 3 sounds and have your child blend them into a word….what word says /b/ /i/ /t/. You can count syllables by counting how many times your jaw drops when you say a word. Help older children learn and study spelling words by syllables. Teach graphemes and the various representations of each phoneme. Teach syllable types and syllable division rules.

  5. I might have this but idn, well if i try to trow stuff at the the target i am not hiting taht thing at all mby if i have luck

  6. Something that helped me (a dyslexic) was that I sat under the "phonics wall" in 1st grade. All the phonics where printed out next to a picture that used it in a word. For example the one that said Ph had a phone next to it and so on. I think a matching game of some sort could help a lot for a child. Just looking at them helped me. I still to this day cannot sound out words but, I do indeed know all of the phonics. Also it can be very frustrating to have or to have dyslexia and it is really upsetting to feel so far behind but eventually you will get better. It took me 10 years to read a book in a reasonable amount of time. For people trying to teach a dyslexic when they say the can't they honestly can't one of the hardest things for them is that they are being asked to do something that is actually impossible, be kind and very patient. I was lucky to get help for my dyslexia but, it didn't come easy. My parents had to fight every school to get me the help I needed. Don't be afraid to contact a super attendant to get the help you or your child need's, their/ your future actually depends on it.

  7. I am 51 years old and I didn’t even know what was wrong with me until I was diagnosed at 25 years old by a coworker who's son was dyslexic. The coworker had gone through extensive training about dyslexia to understand and teach his son. He gave my two books – Josh : a boy with dyslexia and The Gift of Dyslexia. First 2 books I ever read cover to cover.

    My mind freezes from processing words, I over heat, begin to sweat and have even passed out before trying too hard. It is near impossible for me to read out loud. They laughed at me in junior high and high school when called on to read out loud. Teachers just stopped calling on me. Back then they didn’t diagnose dyslexia in school. You can’t even imagine the childhood trauma it caused me.

    Though persistent focus, discipline, memorization of words and relentless repetitiveness I’ve taught myself to read and comprehend what I read. It requires all my attention and concentration – it is hard work. Forget about spelling or pronunciation of a word I have not seen before. I have to pretend to be writing to tell my right from my left – I am left handed. When I see a single letter alone I have to think hard to remember and say it out loud to recall how it is pronounced. Numbers are constantly reversed. I am super good at math, science, engineering and lots of other things though… it is fucked up, frustrating and extremely embarrassing.

    Early detection, explanation and instruction to child is vital for them to reach their full potential… knowing is the most powerful thing you can give someone with dyslexia. It would have changed my entire life if I knew before 10 years old when the distress, confusion and trauma really began.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *